Single-step VS Multi-step Income Statement


Multi-step income statements also typically include several non-operating items, such as interest expense and income taxes. The format of the multi-step income statement contains Non-Operating Head as the third section. The non-operating and the other head list all kinds of business incomes and expenses unrelated to a business’s principal activities. For instance, a retailer is not into the insurance business, and a car hits their store. The insurance company paid an amount out of the settlement so that proceeds received from the insurance company will not be considered in total sales; rather, it will be a non-operating income. Gross margin is the amount the company earned from selling their merchandise.

publicly traded companies income, which is income earned from normal business operations, is determined next. Common operating expenses can include advertising, sales commissions, supplies, or office equipment. Operating income excludes taxes and interest from the gross profit and reduces it by any operating expenses.


Single-step income statements compute net income with a single equation making them easier to use, and yet they still allow a business to see its profits or losses. Both of these income statements give you basic information, such as expenses, revenues, and the profits or losses your business made during the accounting period. A very small business like a sole proprietorship is more likely to prepare a single step income statement. Many small businesses and larger companies prepare multi-step income statements.

  • A multi-step income statement gives the details of the operating expenses and operating revenues as well as the non-operating expenses and revenues.
  • Under the accrual basis of accounting, revenue is recognized when it is earned, regardless of when the cash is received.
  • A multi-step income statement uses an itemized list of revenues and expenses.
  • This section includes all of the income and expenses that are directly related to the company’s core business operations.
  • When forecasting income, it is important to have detailed historical data for accurate predictions of business.
  • The company also does not need to hire expensive accountants to manage records to prepare a single-step income statement.

This separates single step vs multi step income statements and expenses that are directly related to the business’s operations from those that are not directly tied to its operations. The Gross profit part of a multi step income statement shows Net Revenues minus Cost of goods sold. The Operating income part lists operating expenses and subtracts them from Gross profit to equal Operating income.

Advantages of Single-Step Income Statements

The net income line is calculated as Operating income less net Non-operating expenses. Expenses include any cost expenditures used for business, such as selling expenses and administrative expenses, income tax and nonoperating expenses. Operating expenses are the combination of administrative and selling expenses. The cost of goods sold is the direct expense used to produce goods and services depending on the type of business; this can include labor, overhead, manufacturing costs and warehousing. Operating income is the profit that results from normal business operations. This figure is found by subtracting the remaining operating expenses from gross profit. Operating expenses are costs that are incurred to support the company’s regular operations.

income statement

It is an important figure for the creditors, investors, and internal management as it depicts how profitable a company is at selling the goods or making the products. In this, one splits the revenue and expenses into operational and non-operational streams.

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